Analysis of plato's crito the life of socrates provides one example of a someone who seeks a justification for his or her moral actions socrates tries to use reason (rather than the values embedded in his culture) to determine whether an action is right or wrong. Rosalind hursthouse points out that this last point is a strong argument for censorship today and is an end in itself however, it is an inconsistency in plato's argument, since it suggests that corrupting material might possibly approach truth in life, and, naturally, it would follow, in artistic representation. Present plato's 3rd argument in the republic that the just life is happier than the unjust life in short, plato says that unlike the tyrant, the just man is free the just man is not enslaved to anything because his life is governed by reason.
Socrates dismisses the importance of crito's first argument and responds that the only question is if escape is a just action if escape is justified, socrates will agree to it. Plato's argument for three parts of the soul introduction plato argues that the soul comprises of three parts namely rational, appetitive, and the spirited these parts also match up the three ranks of a just community. Argument analysis for socrates' defense speech contact: dr jan garrett last revised date: september 15, 2004 a sketch of the logic of socrates' defense speech as reproduced in chapter 1 of manuel velasquez, philosophy, 8th edition. The main argument in the apology by famous ancient greek philosopher plato is whether, notorious speaker and philosopher socrates is corrupting the youth by preaching ungodly theories and teaching them unlawful ideas that do harm to individuals and society.
Socrates would continue to question the athenian citizens about wisdom, truth, and the best state for one's soul, proving that wealth, reputation, and honor are not the most important things in life. A just soul and a just man will live well, and an unjust one badly a just person is happy, and an unjust person wretched(grube, 1992, p 353e-354a) plato is convinced of the inequality of man by nature. Plato and socrates firmly believed that we have no cause to fear death, and as stated in a previous quote, for the philosopher death was probably a more desirable state to be in than life because one could reason and contemplate the forms without the hindrance of perception and the body. The just life is good in and of itself because it involves grasping these ultimate goods, and imitating their order and harmony, thus incorporating them into one's own life justice is good, in other words, because it is connected to the greatest good, the form of the good.
Plato's argument for a just life plato's argument for the benefits of a just life is intrinsically linked to his definition of good and its relation to people's desires he begins by showing that when the objective of a desire is simple (eg quenching a thirst), the desire must be correspondingly simple. Plato's argument for a just life plato's argument for the benefits of a just life is intrinsically linked to his definition of good and its relation to people's desires he begins by showing that when the objective of a desire is simple (eg. Socrates is a gadfly sent by the gods to prick the athenians, and exciting to be concerned above all virtue (29d-31b, 36c, 41st) and the best way to show your concern for virtue is to spend every day of your life to the philosophical discussion about the virtue a life that does not examine is not worth living for a human being (38. Glaucon asks, do you want to seem to have persuaded us, socrates, that it is better in every way to be just rather than unjust, or do you want to really persuade us (plato 36) after socrates responds that he truly wants to persuade his friends, glaucon renews thrasymachus' argument. Plato is the classical source of philosophical arguments for the immortality of the soul by calling them 'philosophical' arguments i am distinguishing them from arguments which are based on empirical research, like research into near-death experiences, and from arguments which rely on premises taken from a particular religious tradition.
Glaucon's challenge to socrates calls for an assessment of the impact of the just manner of living on our quality of life but do we have a definition of justice yet (in book i, justice was presented to us as a blend of harmony, wisdom, and the proper art of ruling. Plato's argument for the immortality of the soul is not so much an argument per se but rather a thesis that is an extension of the very nature of greek philosophy at the time for the greeks, the soul is what gives life to the body. Socratic irony can be seen again in the argument to prove to meletus that if socrates had corrupted the youth it must have been done involuntarily and for that reason ought not to be punished the reason given is that no one would voluntarily do harm to the people among whom he would have to live.
Firstly, plato's argument about the 'good life' is flawed for a number of reasons the first reason i will analyse is whether his inference if a person knows what the good life is, he/she would not act immorally (philosophy made simple, 1999, p3) is justified. So socrates must persuade them that the just person who is terrifically unfortunate and scorned lives a better life than the unjust person who is so successful that he is unfairly rewarded as if he were perfectly just (see 360d-361d. Plato's dialogue crito is a composition originating in 360 bce that depicts a conversation between socrates and his rich friend crito in a prison cell in athens in the year 399 bce the dialogue covers the topic of justice, injustice and the appropriate response to both.