After hobbes, john locke and jean-jacques rousseau are the best known proponents of this enormously influential theory, which has been one of the most dominant theories within moral and political theory throughout the history of the modern west. Although similar ideas can be traced back to the greek sophists, social-contract theories had their greatest currency in the 17th and 18th centuries and are associated with such names as the englishmen thomas hobbes and john locke and the frenchman jean-jacques rousseau. Warm-up: describe the difference between locke and hobbes view on human nature objective: students will explain the origins of the enlightenment by taking notes and participating in a press conference. The differences between john locke and jean jacques rousseau have to do as much with attitudes as with systems both advocated political liberalism and religious tolerance, but their conceptions.
Jean jacques rousseau, thomas hobbes, baron de montesquieu, francois-marie arouet voltaire, denis diderot, adam smith, and john locke they were the main thinkers of the enlightenment time and with their different opinions on government, people, religious beliefs, etc they changed the many perspectives of people all around the world. Enlightenment philosophers such as john locke and jean jacques rousseau wrote that the relationship between citizens and their government was a social contract which statement describes the impact of the idea of government as a social contract on the french revolution in 1789. - thomas hobbes, jean-jacques rousseau, and john locke are all great thinkers who were greatly influential in forming philosophies that would affect the future of politics by analyzing each philosopher's ideology, we can identify which thinker's theory reflected modern era liberalism the most. Jean-jacques rousseau (1712-1778), in his influential 1762 treatise the social contract, outlined a different version of social contract theory, as the foundations of political rights based on unlimited popular sovereignty.
The competing political philosophies of thomas hobbes and john locke represent the disparate governments that were present across 17th-century europe for example, the absolute monarchy espoused by thomas hobbes was alive and well in the centralized monarchy of louis xiv's france, while the conditional rule and social contract theory posited by locke was exemplified by the 1688 glorious revolution. Jean-jacques rousseau (1712-1778) rousseau (1712- 1778) was born in geneva first rousseau strongly disagreed with other enlightenment thinkers on many matters argued that civilization corrupted people's natural goodness. The enlightenment was a european era in which scholars began to reject the ideas and beliefs of the authority and the church, and started to think for themselves thomas hobbes, john locke, and jean jaques rousseau were three enlightenment thinkers who each drafted different ideas about the state. The enlightenment thomas hobbes and john locke john locke years lived - 1632 - 1704 quote - i have always thought the actions of men is the best interpreters of their thoughts.
This paper provides a small summary of social contract theory by hobbes, locke and rousseau it discusses what is the social contract theory and the reason then the paper points out the state of nature according to hobbes, locke and rousseau it also put forth the differences of opinion of these. Enlightenment philosophers john locke, charles montesquieu, and jean-jacques rousseau all developed theories of government in which some or even all the people would govern these thinkers had a profound effect on the american and french revolutions and the democratic governments that they produced. John locke, thomas hobbes and jean-jacques rousseau and their political theories and ideologies had an immense influence on the shaping of european or even western governmental systems and society all three of them lived in completely different environments and under other circumstances. In 1776, thomas jefferson wrote the declaration of independence to assert america's independence from britain european philosophers, including john locke and jean-jacques rousseau, heavily influenced this document, demonstrating the significance of political theory because of its ability to inspire political action and affect the formation of new societies.
Among those thinkers were the philosophers thomas hobbes, john locke, and jean jacques rousseau who all differ in the manner in which they view human nature thomas hobbes (1858-1679), an english philospher, believed that all humans are egotistical and selfish. Basic philosophies of hobbes, locke, and rousseau serves as a foundation for american democracy and the revolution in early american history. Thomas hobbes, john locke, and jean-jacques rousseau were all members of the enlightenment movement, and each had their own idea on how human society should be structured and run locke and hobbes lived around the same time, and some of their political theories were the same, however, by the time rousseau came along, much had changed. Jean-jacques rousseau was one of the most influential thinkers during the enlightenment in eighteenth century europe his first major philosophical work, a discourse on the sciences and arts , was the winning response to an essay contest conducted by the academy of dijon in 1750.
John locke, baron de montesquieu, voltaire, and jean jacques rousseau were all enlightenment philosopherseach of these men had a particular view of government, society, and its citizens and they were all passionate about their works. With all of these three political thinkers, a major theme was the idea of the social contract all three felt that the only way that a government could be legitimate was for it to be based on the. Here is a great secondary source reading that includes the primary ideas and philosophies of the famed enlightenment philosophers: thomas hobbes, john locke, charles montesquieu, and jean-jacques rousseau. Thomas hobbes, john locke, and jean-jacques rousseau developed theories on human nature and how men govern themselves with the passing of time, political views on the philosophy of government gradually changed.